|Creamware cup replicates the form of Chinese Porcelain cups|
|Chinese Porcelain cup from collections of The State Museum of Pennsylvania|
Creamware, sometimes referred to as cream-colored ware, is a clear lead glazed refined earthenware ceramic first produced in the Staffordshire region of England in the 1740s. The first and defining characteristic of creamware is its off-white or cream-colored body, and paste. This is attributed to iron impurities in the source clay. Another tell-tale sign of creamware can be found where the clear lead glaze collects and pools in the crevasses of a piece, often apparent around the base or foot ring. In these areas where the glaze is thickest it will appear green or yellow green in color.
Pooling of clear lead glaze in base with slight yellow green tint
(Head House, Philadelphia) Collections of The State Museum of Pennsylvania
Miller, George L. and Robert Hunter
2001 How Creamware got the Blues: The Origins of China Glaze and Pearlware. In Ceramics in America, Robert Hunter editor, Chipstone Foundation.
Noel Hume, Ivor
1969 A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. Alfred A. Knopf Publishers
Miller, George L. Hunter, Robert (editor)
2008 Book Review of Creamware and Pearlware Re-examined. Thomas Walford and Roger Massey, editors In Ceramics in America, Robert Hunter editor, Chipstone Foundation..